The Japanese verb "To do - Suru" is the most important verb to learn.
The plain form is - Suru する
The polite form is Shimasu します
Saying Suru or Shimasu alone is like saying speaking in a future tense, it means "I will do it".
Many Japanese nouns take the + Sure form which makes it easy for learners of Japanese.
For example Diet wo shimasu ダイエットをします。Means I am going to go on / start a diet.
The plain tenses are as follows.
Shita した - to have done / did
Shitai したい - to want to
Shitakunai したくない - to not want to do
Shiteiru している - to be doing
The polite tenses are
Shimashita しました - to have done / did
Shiteimasu しています - to be doing.
Shitai an Shitakunai + desu will make the polite form.
Thursday, April 2, 2015
Japanese basic phrases may sound long but are very easy to pronounce and remember.
|Nice to meet you||Hajimemashite||はじめまして|
|Good Morning||Ohayou Gozaimasu||おはよう ございます|
|Good Evening||Kon Banwa||こんばんわ|
|Good Night||Oyasumi Nasai||おやすみ なさい|
|How are you?||OGenki desu ka？||おげんき ですか？|
|See you again||mate ne||またね|
|Nice weather isn' it||ii tenki desu ne||いい てんき ですね|
Ohayou Gozaimasu is the polite form. Simply Ohayou is the casual form
Oyasumi Nasai is also a polite form. Simply use Oyasumi for the casual form.
Incidentaly, Nasai is often used by females after the verb stem to indicate a command.
e.g. A mother talking to a child that is taking too long to east may say "Tabenasai" - Eat your food !!
From the verb Taberu - to eat.
Posted by Paul C at 5:28 AM