Monday, April 6, 2015

The Japanese Verb - To do

The Japanese verb "To do - Suru" is the most important verb to learn.

The plain form is - Suru する
The polite form is Shimasu します

Saying Suru or Shimasu alone is like saying speaking in a future tense, it means "I will do it".

Many Japanese nouns take the  + Sure form which makes it easy for learners of Japanese.

For example Diet wo shimasu ダイエットをします。Means I am going to go on / start a diet.

The plain tenses are as follows.

Shita した - to have done / did
Shitai したい - to want to
Shitakunai したくない - to not want to do
Shiteiru している - to be doing

The polite tenses are

Shimashita しました - to have done / did
Shiteimasu しています - to be doing.

Shitai an Shitakunai + desu will make the polite form.

Thursday, April 2, 2015

Japanese Basic Phrases

Japanese basic phrases may sound long but are very easy to pronounce and remember.

English Romaji Hiragana
Hello Konnichiwa こんにちわ
Nice to meet you Hajimemashite はじめまして
Good Morning Ohayou Gozaimasu おはよう ございます
Good Evening Kon Banwa こんばんわ
Good Night Oyasumi Nasai おやすみ なさい
How are you? OGenki desu ka? おげんき ですか?
See you again mate ne またね
Good bye Sayonara さよなら
Nice weather isn' it ii tenki desu ne いい てんき ですね


Ohayou Gozaimasu is the polite form. Simply Ohayou is the casual form

Oyasumi Nasai is also a polite form. Simply use Oyasumi for the casual form.

Incidentaly, Nasai is often used by females after the verb stem to indicate a command.
e.g. A mother talking to a child that is taking too long to east may say "Tabenasai" - Eat your food !!
From the verb Taberu - to eat.